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General principles of pigsty design

General principles of pigsty design

1. Create a suitable ecological environment.

Pigs rely on good environmental conditions for growth, development, and reproduction. Scientific design must be based on the biological characteristics of pigs. The process of raising pigs and the spatial range required for pig activities are one of the basic criteria for determining the architectural space of pig houses. In architectural design, the height and area of various pig houses, as well as the height of corridors, doors and windows, and pig stall, are directly related to the spatial range required for breeding techniques and pig activities. For the convenience of breeding, consideration should also be given to both the human scale and the spatial range required for human activities, and the two should be organically combined. The climate conditions and different environmental requirements have a significant impact on the design of pig houses. For example, in humid and hot areas, the design of pig houses should focus on insulation, ventilation, and shading issues. In dry and cold areas, it is necessary to strengthen the outer enclosure structure of pig houses to facilitate heating and insulation. The sunlight and dominant wind direction are the main factors determining the orientation and spacing of the pigsty. Before design, it is necessary to collect local meteorological data and environmental hygiene parameters required for pigs at each growth stage as the basis for the design.

Tip The environmental control of pig houses varies in different regions, and the requirements vary due to different climates. Therefore, they should be designed reasonably according to local conditions. Excessive pursuit of the most suitable environment can lead to waste; On the contrary, building a pigsty too rudimentary does not provide insulation and heat preservation, affecting the growth and development of pigs, causing production losses, and is also uneconomical.

2. Suitable processes for factory production

With the development of nutritional feed science, animal science technology, veterinary technology, as well as mechanization and automation technology, factory pig farming has the characteristics of industrial production. The turnover of pig herds at each growth stage adopts a "all in, all out" system, and each production link has strict planning, flow and rhythm, and can achieve mechanization and automation in all operations. The architectural design of pigstys should be suitable for the process technology of factory production and continuously meet the needs of mechanization and automation development.

3. Pay attention to environmental protection

The pollution of pig farms to the environment is mainly caused by foul odor and pests, followed by the pollution of water quality caused by feces, urine, and sewage. When designing architecture, full consideration should be given to the relationship with the surrounding environment. It is necessary to prevent the pollution of the pig farm itself to the surrounding environment, as well as to avoid the harm of the surrounding environment to the pig farm. Pig manure should be properly treated, which can be used as fertilizer, produce biogas, or processed and utilized to ensure smooth production.

4. Has good economic benefits

In the design and construction of pigstys, it is necessary to adapt to local conditions and use local materials to save labor, building materials, and funds as much as possible. The design and construction of pigstys must respect economic laws, have careful planning and accounting, and pay attention to economic effects.



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